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The History Of Jaisalmer

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The History of Jaisalmer

The History of Jaisalmer has a charm of its own. Like all other cities of Rajasthan, Jaisalmer too has its own glorious past to boast about. History of Jaisalmer draws heavily from the history of the Rajputana. The city is said to be founded by one Raja Rawal Jaisal, a Bhatti Rajput ruler, in approximately 1156 A D. Legends go by that he did it on the behest of a local hermit named Eesaal. The raja choose Trikut hill as the new site for his fort. This was because he thought that his previous abode at Luderwa (16 km from present Jaisalmer) was vulnerable towards possible enemy assault.

In medieval times, Jaisalmer continued to be on the focus of the masses because of its location. It falls in the way of one of the two routes, which connected India from Persia, Egypt, Africa and the west. The Bhatti Rajput rulers were still in line. They were the sole guardian of the city and thus mustered enough wealth through taxes levied on the passing caravans, of which there was no scarcity. 

For many years Jaisalmer remained out of bound from the foreign rulers partly because of its location and partly because of its relief. In the mid Thirteenth century, Ala-ud-din Khilji, the Turk-Afghan ruler of Delhi laid the siege over the city. He was apparently upset with the Bhatti Rajput rulers because they stopped and looted one of his caravans containing royal coffer which was on its way to Sind. The siege lasted for around 9 long years and when the fall seemed eminent the Rajput womenfolk of the city committed Jauhar (self Immolation to avoid disgrace). 

It is said that Duda, the son of Raja Jaisimha, fought vehemently in the battle but was overpowered after the fierce hand to hand combat. He died fighting. His descendants continued to rule the city. Though they had a cordial relation with the Mughal rulers in Delhi, they fought unsuccessfully with Emperor Humayun. Emperor Shah Jahan gave the right of governance to Sabala Simha, who had the royal patronage and had shown remarkable valor to win the Battle of Peshawar. 

In the modern era, Jaisalmer was still a tough nut to crack and was the last among the Rajputana royals to sign the 'Instrument of Agreement' with the British establishment. Even that was achieved after long hours on the negotiation table and after much cajoling from the British establishment in India. In the year 1947, royals signed the agreement to remain in just independent India. Since then it has developed itself into a major tourist destination as well as a cultural hub of the western India. 

Bhati Rajputs mostly reside in region of Jaisalmer and partly in border villages of Bikaner and some tehsils of jodhpur (Osian and Shergarh). Rawal Jaisal was descendent of the Yadu vansi Clan and a Bhati Rajput. Bhati Rajputs were chandra vansi Rajputs. Rawal Jaisal founded the city of Jaisalmer in 1156 AD. The new fort he built was on hill called Trikuta. 

Bhati Rajputs were great camel riders and warriors. Their reign spread as far as punjab, pakistan and Afganistan. Their are certain monuments in Lahore such as Bhati gate which states their rule on Lahore which they conquered from Mahmood Ghazanavi. 

Bhati is a Chandravanshi Rajput clan and is one of the largest tribes among Gujjars & Rajputs. They claim descent from the legendary king Yadu who founded the Yadava dynasty, the first Chandravanshi (or Lunar Dynasty). Bhati are a Yaduvanshi Rajput clan. They reside for the most part in central Punjab, the Jaisalmer region, in border villages of Bikaner and some tehsils of Jodhpur (Osian and Shergarh), India. The Bhati are also found in Uttar Pradesh. They are divided into about forty gotras or clans. They are one of the royal races of Rajputs.

 

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From Ghazi Minara, Punjab, Pakistan

(RANA ZEESHAN, 2013-07-06 05:01)

Thankx For Information